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Title: Detecting biomedical relations using distant supervision
Author: Roller, Roland
ISNI:       0000 0004 5992 0178
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2015
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This work concerns the detection of relationships between key information in biomedical publications, such as treatments for diseases or side-effects of drugs. Given a sentence containing some medical concepts the goal is to determine their relationship to each other. Supervised machine learning methods are a very popular way to address this problem and often provide reliable results. Those methods require manually labelled examples to extract characteristics of particular relationships in order to detect similar information in unlabelled data. However, manually labelled data is not always available and its generation is time consuming and expensive. The main objective of this thesis is the exploration of distant supervision, a method which generates those labelled examples automatically using prior knowledge to detect relationships between key facts. First, relation extraction using a limited amount of training data is explored to detect adverse-drug effects in natural language. Then, work focuses on automatically labelling data using a large biomedical knowledge base, the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS). The effectiveness of a popular evaluation method that does not require manually labelled data is examined in more detail. The main goal is the investigation of whether UMLS is suitable to be used to label data automatically so as to detect similar information in natural language. Finally, a method to reduce falsely labelled instances in the automatically generated data is presented and found to improve the detection of relationships.
Supervisor: Mark, Stevenson Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available