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Title: Modelling of human control and performance evaluation using artificial neural network and brainwave
Author: Samarnggoon, Keattikorn
ISNI:       0000 0004 5921 5559
Awarding Body: Staffordshire University
Current Institution: Staffordshire University
Date of Award: 2016
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Conventionally, a human has to learn to operate a machine by himself/herself. Human Adaptive Mechatronics (HAM) aims to investigate a machine that has the capability to learn its operator skills in order to provide assistance and guidance appropriately. Therefore, the understanding of human behaviour during the human-machine interaction (HMI) from the machine’s side is essential. The focus of this research is to propose a model of human-machine control strategy and performance evaluation from the machine’s point of view. Various HAM simulation scenarios are developed for the investigations of the HMI. The first case study that utilises the classic pendulum-driven capsule system reveals that a human can learn to control the unfamiliar system and summarise the control strategy as a set of rules. Further investigation of the case study is conducted with nine participants to explore the performance differences and control characteristics among them. High performers tend to control the pendulum at high frequency in the right portion of the angle range while the low performers perform inconsistent control behaviour. This control information is used to develop a human-machine control model by adopting an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and 10-time- 10-fold cross-validation. Two models of capsule direction and position predictions are obtained with 88.3% and 79.1% accuracies, respectively. An Electroencephalogram (EEG) headset is integrated into the platform for monitoring brain activity during HMI. A number of preliminary studies reveal that the brain has a specific response pattern to particular stimuli compared to normal brainwaves. A novel human-machine performance evaluation based on the EEG brainwaves is developed by utilising a classical target hitting task as a case study of HMI. Six models are obtained for the evaluation of the corresponding performance aspects including the Fitts index of performance. The averaged evaluation accuracy of the models is 72.35%. However, the accuracy drops to 65.81% when the models are applied to unseen data. In general, it can be claimed that the accuracy is satisfactory since it is very challenging to evaluate the HMI performance based only on the EEG brainwave activity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available