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Title: Chatting online to learn : repair sequences in text-based L1-L2 interaction in CMC
Author: Lin, Yu-Min
ISNI:       0000 0004 5919 5041
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2015
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Because of the affordability and widespread availability of modern technologies, researchers of second language learning in Taiwan as well as across the globe have frequently examined Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) in their studies. However, none has hitherto explored the interactional space of text-based, online chat. This doctoral thesis tries to bridge this research gap by investigating interactional phenomena as they arise in online chatting involving L1 and L2 speakers of English. Special attention is given to how the participants interact with each other to achieve mutual understanding through the sequential structures of language-in-use and the use of online interactional resources. The data for the study is provided by 24 paired participants (i.e. 24 English L1 speakers from geographically remote areas and 24 Taiwanese university students as English L2 speakers) chatting for a 10-week period within a private group on Facebook. Their text-based talk-in-interaction data were retrieved and analysed using the techniques of Conversation Analysis. The salient findings are in relation to the sequential structures of repair sequences. Mutual understandings between L1 and L2 speakers were achieved mostly through repair sequences and the deployment of online interactional devices. There is evidence of incidental learning through CMC taking place not only among L2 speakers but also among L1 speakers who learned interactionally in terms of how to adapt themselves and shape their language-in-use to interact with L2 speakers. This raises new issues with regard to the conventional approach to L2 learning in SLA. In examining the online interactional platform, the data collection and analysis, this study is of importance in providing a better understanding of L1 and L2 speakers’ online talk-in-interaction without participants’ physical co-presence. The study also contributes to the development of, and the literature on, methodology and pedagogy. On the basis of the findings, it is suggested that future studies should continue research on the use of CA for SLA in CMC, with participants of various language proficiencies, and compare the similarities and differences between spoken, online-chat, and written data.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available