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Title: Characterisation of silicon carbide CMOS devices for high temperature applications
Author: Martin, Lucy Claire
ISNI:       0000 0004 5919 361X
Awarding Body: Newcastle University
Current Institution: University of Newcastle upon Tyne
Date of Award: 2015
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In recent years it has become increasingly apparent that there is a large demand for resilient electronics that can operate within environments that standard silicon electronics cease to function such as high power and high voltage applications, high temperatures, corrosive atmospheres and environments exposed to radiation. This has become even more essential due to increased demands for sustainable energy production and the reduction in carbon emissions worldwide, which has put a large burden on a wide range of industrial sectors who now have a significant demand for electronics to meet these needs including; military, space, aerospace, automotive, energy and nuclear. In extreme environments, where ambient temperatures may well exceed the physical limit of silicon-based technologies, SiC based technology offers a lower cost and a smaller footprint solution for operation in such environments due to its advantageous electrical properties such as a high breakdown electric field, high thermal conductivity and large saturation velocity. High quality material on large area wafers (150 mm) is now commercially available, allowing the fabrication of reliable high temperature, high frequency and high current power electronic devices, improving the already optimised silicon based structures. An important advantage of SiC is that it is the only wide band gap compound semiconductor that can be thermally oxidised to grow insulating, high quality SiO2 layers, which makes it an ideal candidate to replace silicon technologies for metal-oxide-semiconductor applications, which is the main focus of this research. Although the technology has made a number of major steps forward over recent years and the commercial manufacturing process has advanced significantly, there still remains a number of issues that need to be overcome in order to fully realise the potential of the material for electronic applications. This thesis describes the characterisation of 4H-SiC CMOS structures that were designed for high temperature applications and fabricated with varying gate dielectric treatments and process steps. The influence of process techniques on the characteristics of metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) devices has been investigated by means of electrical characterisation and the results have been compared to theoretical models. The C-V and I-V characteristics of both MOS capacitor and MOSFET structures with varying gate dielectrics on both n-type and p-type 4H-SiC have been analysed to explore the benefits of the varying process techniques that have been employed in the design of the devices. The results show that the field effect mobility characteristic of 4H-SiC MOSFETs are dominated at low perpendicular electric fields by Coulomb scattering and at high electric fields by low surface roughness mobility, which is due to the rough SiC-SiO2 interface. The findings also show that a thermally grown SiO2 layer at the semiconductor-dielectric interface is a beneficial process step that enhances the interfacial characteristics and increases the channel mobility of the MOSFETs. In addition to this it is also found that this technique provides the most beneficial characteristics on both n-type and p-type 4H-SiC, which suggests that it would be the most suitable treatment for a monolithic CMOS process. The impact of threshold voltage adjust ion implantation on both the MIS capacitor and MOSFET structures is also presented and shows that the increasing doses of nitrogen that are implanted to adjust the threshold voltage act to improve the device performance by acting to modify the charge at the interface or within the gate oxide and therefore increase the field effect mobility of the studied devices.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) ; Raytheon UK
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available