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Title: Utopian narrative in eighteenth-century Spain : generic frameworks and social reformism
Author: Almanza-Galvez, Carla
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 6559
Awarding Body: University of Sheffield
Current Institution: University of Sheffield
Date of Award: 2016
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The present thesis focuses on the most important Spanish utopian writings of the 'long' eighteenth century, setting them in historical context within the tradition formally inaugurated by Thomas More's Utopia (1516). The works studied comprise the undated, anonymous Descripción de la Sinapia, península en la tierra austral, Gutierre Vaca de Guzmán's Suplemento de los viajes de Enrique Wanton al país de las monas, the anonymous 'Monarquía de los Ayparchontes' in the periodical El Censor, Andrés Merino's Monarquía columbina and Pablo de Olavide's 'Cartas de Mariano a Antonio' in El Evangelio en triunfo. The five texts have hitherto received varying degrees of academic attention, but less analysis than merited of their place within an ongoing, transatlantic, cultural tradition. Part I sets out historically the main ideological, literary and social characteristics of the genre: the theoretical conceptualisations of utopian writing as initiated by More, the foundations of the utopian tradition in the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Hispanic world, and links between the utopian format and socially reformist texts in eighteenth-century Spain. Part II examines in detail the five chosen texts, exploring their differentiating features with respect to the prevailing utopian tradition and demonstrating their distinctiveness in relation to Spanish economic, political, religious and social structures, while probing their idealising strands on a spectrum stretching from reformism to utopian experimentalism. The analyses ultimately reveal great variety in the social focus of the texts and an eclectic approach to the salient features of the utopian generic tradition, as well as the widely contrasting links to Enlightenment ideals and thought.
Supervisor: Davies, Rhian ; McCallam, David Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available