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Title: Development of genetic algorithm for optimisation of predicted membrane protein structures
Author: Minaji-Moghaddam, Noushin
Awarding Body: University of Bedfordshire
Current Institution: University of Bedfordshire
Date of Award: 2007
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Due to the inherent problems with their structural elucidation in the laboratory, the computational prediction of membrane protein structure is an essential step toward understanding the function of these leading targets for drug discovery. In this work, the development of a genetic algorithm technique is described that is able to generate predictive 3D structures of membrane proteins in an ab initio fashion that possess high stability and similarity to the native structure. This is accomplished through optimisation of the distances between TM regions and the end-on rotation of each TM helix. The starting point for the genetic algorithm is from the model of general TM region arrangement predicted using the TMRelate program. From these approximate starting coordinates, the TMBuilder program is used to generate the helical backbone 3D coordinates. The amino acid side chains are constructed using the MaxSprout algorithm. The genetic algorithm is designed to represent a TM protein structure by encoding each alpha carbon atom starting position, the starting atom of the initial residue of each helix, and operates by manipulating these starting positions. To evaluate each predicted structure, the SwissPDBViewer software (incorporating the GROMOS force field software) is employed to calculate the free potential energy. For the first time, a GA has been successfully applied to the problem of predicting membrane protein structure. Comparison between newly predicted structures (tests) and the native structure (control) indicate that the developed GA approach represents an efficient and fast method for refinement of predicted TM protein structures. Further enhancement of the performance of the GA allows the TMGA system to generate predictive structures with comparable energetic stability and reasonable structural similarity to the native structure.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: C710 Applied Molecular Biology ; Biophysics and Biochemistry ; protein structures ; membrane protein structure ; drug discovery ; genetic algorithm