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Title: Intellectual disabilities : differential treatment within multi agency public protection arrangements
Author: Tancred, Tania
ISNI:       0000 0004 5921 1494
Awarding Body: University of Roehampton
Current Institution: University of Roehampton
Date of Award: 2015
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This research examined the prevalence, differential treatment and demographic and potential risk factors between two groups of offenders with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) and Intellectual Vulnerabilities (IV) and a non-ID/IV group managed by Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements in the South East of England. The sample included 250 offenders, aged between 15 and 70 years, 9 women and 241 men who were managed by level 2 and 3 MAPPA. Two studies were conducted. Study One - The prevalence of the IV group was 25.6%. There were no significant differences between the number of external controls placed on the IV and non-IV groups. There was a significantly greater amount of external controls (police lead orders) placed on the ID group than the non-ID group. The IV group was over 5 times more likely to have language deficits than the non-IV group and twice as likely to have been in care as a child. When controlled for language deficits the IV group were twice as likely to have social skills deficits. Study Two – The MAPPA minutes and files relating to the IV group identified in Study One were examined in more detail. The central issues relating to the IV group were analysed using Thematic Analysis. The main themes and sub themes identified were ‘Intellectual Vulnerability’ and sub themes ‘Mental Health’ and ‘Diversity Considerations,’ ‘Early Life Experiences’ which had sub themes of ‘Abusive Experiences’ and ‘Schooling/Education’ and finally ‘Offending Behaviour’ with the sub themes ‘Substance Misuse’ and ‘Victims Known or Vulnerable.’ The research identifies the issues of diagnosing intellectual disabilities/vulnerabilities accurately and the impact this has on reliable prevalence rates and comparisons. Some recommendations for good practice in working with such offenders within MAPPA are made.
Supervisor: Edelmann, Robert ; Crighton, David ; Bray, Diane Sponsor: Ministry of Justice, Psychology Department
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Intellectual Disabilities