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Title: An investigation into the factors influencing internationalisation of retailing firms : the cases of Marks & Spencer and Ikea
Author: Leelapanyalert, Kannika
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2006
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Numerous studies can be found concerning international retailing, but these have not been able to identify fully the factors that influence the process of retail internationalisation. This research seeks to explore this area in more detail in order to develop a conceptual model, which could provide useful insights and a valid approach to the different processes of retail internationalisation. The objectives of the research are: 1) to develop and explore a conceptual model for retailers investing the emerging markets; 2) to describe and study the role played by these crucial factors during the internationalisation process of these firms; 3) to describe and study how different market environments can be managed during the international expansion process; and 4) to identify the success factors that could facilitate the success or failure of the business entry of retailers in emerging countries. The international retail strategy used by Marks & Spencer entering Hong Kong and Thailand, as well as IKEA entering China, are explored. Data is collected by a series of in› depth, semi-structured interviews, reports and observations. A total of 40 interviews are conducted with staff, including senior managers, middle managers and frontline employees established at the head office, subsidiaries and franchisee. N*Vivo software is used to encode the data and corroborate the analysis in this qualitative research. This study explores the concept of matching and market orientation and reveals that these are important factors in the internationalisation of firms in the emerging markets. The findings also indicate that market orientation is another important factor in the process. The interplay between matching and market orientation plays a crucial role in the firm’s strategy to achieve a strong market position in foreign markets.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available