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Title: Types of communication about delusions among people with psychosis : a multi-centre cross sectional interview and record study
Author: Fadhli, Karam
ISNI:       0000 0004 5915 360X
Awarding Body: Cardiff University
Current Institution: Cardiff University
Date of Award: 2016
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Background: Delusions are common in psychosis, defined as fixed, false beliefs. Some studies, however, have found that they may be less fixed than previously thought, possibly changing in response to talking about them. Relatives of people with psychosis or clinical staff often ask how to respond to them when they talk about their delusions, but no available advice appears to be evidence based. Aims: To review evidence on everyday communication about delusions and find out how people with delusions talk about them with others, taking three perspectives (patients, their nominated relatives and clinicians) and to construct a model for communication in relation to the delusion according to each party independently. Methods: 36 patients were engaged in semi-structured interviews about their mental state generally (Comprehensive Psychopathological Rating Scale) and their delusion (Maudsley Assessment of Delusions Schedule). Each patient was asked to nominate a relative and a professional to whom s/he spoke about the delusion. Relatives and staff were interviewed by different researchers. Results: Most patients reported speaking to others about their delusion and nominated an informant. Most felt emotionally disturbed by their delusions, but, against prediction, this did not affect nomination; nor did their delusion content. There was good agreement between the three parties on occurrence of such communication. Some patients had self-harmed; only some relatives or staff concurred with them on attributing this to the delusion. A testable hypothesis was generated that the intrusiveness of delusions resulted in personal change for the patient and sense of changed relationship and detachment for the others. Conclusions: No previous study has investigated communication about delusions between three parties. It was striking that so few relatives were engaged. If patients, their families and clinicians could improve mutual understanding of delusions, the safety of the patient and others as well as treatment might be improved.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (M.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: RC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatry