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Title: Towards spatial and temporal analysis of facial expressions in 3D data
Author: Rajamanoharan, Georgia
ISNI:       0000 0004 5920 6425
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2016
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Facial expressions are one of the most important means for communication of emotions and meaning. They are used to clarify and give emphasis, to express intentions, and form a crucial part of any human interaction. The ability to automatically recognise and analyse expressions could therefore prove to be vital in human behaviour understanding, which has applications in a number of areas such as psychology, medicine and security. 3D and 4D (3D+time) facial expression analysis is an expanding field, providing the ability to deal with problems inherent to 2D images, such as out-of-plane motion, head pose, and lighting and illumination issues. Analysis of data of this kind requires extending successful approaches applied to the 2D problem, as well as the development of new techniques. The introduction of recent new databases containing appropriate expression data, recorded in 3D or 4D, has allowed research into this exciting area for the first time. This thesis develops a number of techniques, both in 2D and 3D, that build towards a complete system for analysis of 4D expressions. Suitable feature types, designed by employing binary pattern methods, are developed for analysis of 3D facial geometry data. The full dynamics of 4D expressions are modelled, through a system reliant on motion-based features, to demonstrate how the different components of the expression (neutral-onset-apex-offset) can be distinguished and harnessed. Further, the spatial structure of expressions is harnessed to improve expression component intensity estimation in 2D videos. Finally, it is discussed how this latter step could be extended to 3D facial expression analysis, and also combined with temporal analysis. Thus, it is demonstrated that both spatial and temporal information, when combined with appropriate 3D features, is critical in analysis of 4D expression data.
Supervisor: Zafeiriou, Stefanos ; Pantic, Maja Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral