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Title: Optimal design and operation of heat exchanger network
Author: Salihu, Adamu Girei
ISNI:       0000 0004 5919 003X
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2015
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Heat exchanger networks (HENs) are the backbone of heat integration due to their ability in energy and environmental managements. This thesis deals with two issues on HENs. The first concerns with designing of economically optimal Heat exchanger network (HEN) whereas the second focus on optimal operation of HEN in the presence of uncertainties and disturbances within the network. In the first issue, a pinch technology based optimal HEN design is firstly implemented on a 3–streams heat recovery case study to design a simple HEN and then, a more complex HEN is designed for a coal-fired power plant retrofitted with CO2 capture unit to achieve the objectives of minimising energy penalty on the power plant due to its integration with the CO2 capture plant. The benchmark in this case study is a stream data from (Khalilpour and Abbas, 2011). Improvement to their work includes: (1) the use of economic data to evaluate achievable trade-offs between energy, capital and utility cost for determination of minimum temperature difference; (2) redesigning of the HEN based on the new minimum temperature difference and (3) its comparison with the base case design. The results shows that the energy burden imposed on the power plant with CO2 capture is significantly reduced through HEN leading to utility cost saving maximisation. The cost of addition of HEN is recoverable within a short payback period of about 2.8 years. In the second issue, optimal HEN operation considering range of uncertainties and disturbances in flowrates and inlet stream temperatures while minimizing utility consumption at constant target temperatures based on self-optimizing control (SOC) strategy. The new SOC method developed in this thesis is a data-driven SOC method which uses process data collected overtime during plant operation to select control variables (CVs). This is in contrast to the existing SOC strategies in which the CV selection requires process model to be linearized for nonlinear processes which leads to unaccounted losses due to linearization errors. The new approach selects CVs in which the necessary condition of optimality (NCO) is directly approximated by the CV through a single regression step. This work was inspired by Ye et al., (2013) regression based globally optimal CV selection with no model linearization and Ye et al., (2012) two steps regression based data-driven CV selection but with poor optimal results due to regression errors in the two steps procedures. The advantage of this work is that it doesn’t require evaluation of derivatives hence CVs can be evaluated even with commercial simulators such as HYSYS and UNISIM from among others. The effectiveness of the proposed method is again applied to the 3-streams HEN case study and also the HEN for coal-fired power plant with CO2 capture unit. The case studies show that the proposed methodology provides better optimal operation under uncertainties when compared to the existing model-based SOC techniques.
Supervisor: Cao, Yi ; Kokossis, Antonis Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Heat exchanger network ; Design ; Optimal operation ; Data-driven ; Self-optimizing control