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Title: The relationship between magistrates and their communities in the age of crisis : social protest c. 1790-1834
Author: Wallis, Rose M.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5916 3584
Awarding Body: University of the West of England
Current Institution: University of the West of England, Bristol
Date of Award: 2016
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This thesis examines the responses of the county magistracy to social unrest in a period marked by a redefinition of social and governmental relationships. Drawing together approaches to governmental and protest histories, it answers calls for more detailed analyses of the actions and attitudes of authority through a more thorough account of judicial responses to popular protest. The approach adopted here, also offers new perspectives on the nature of social relations and governance at this point. This study privileges the structuring of county government in an analysis of social protest. Through two regional case studies, it recognises the autonomy and concomitant variation in the infrastructure of local government, and the ways in which these distinct governmental arrangements shaped the nature of popular resistance. Not only does this approach provide a more nuanced understanding of the actions of the authorities, but it posits social conflict as a lens through which to view the operation of government. Disorder laid bare many of the inadequacies of a system predicated on paternalist authority, but it also exposed the constellation of social relationships that underpinned it. Chapter one reviews the historiographical discussion regarding the form and function of the magistracy and differing perspectives on the decline of paternalist governance. The two original case studies of Norfolk and Somerset, pursued throughout this thesis, are introduced in chapter two, which details their respective structures of government. This provides the foundation for a reappraisal of the 'crisis of paternalism' during the subsistence crises of 1795 and 1800-01, in chapter three, and the challenges posed to the magistracy during the Swing disturbances of 1830, considered in chapters four and five. By viewing protest through the structures of government that mediated social relationships, the full complexity of these interactions is revealed and a more nuanced picture of social conflict is made visible.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: relationship ; magistrates ; communities ; paternalism ; 1790-1834