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Title: Statistical aspects of persistent homology
Author: Arnold, Matthew George
ISNI:       0000 0004 5923 2404
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis investigates statistical approaches to interpreting the output of persistent homology, a multi-resolution algorithm for discovering topological structure in data. We provide a brief introduction to the theory of topology and homology. The output is a set of intervals, visualised either as a 'barcode' or as a set of points called a persistence diagram. We discuss suitable metrics for persistence diagrams. The following chapter demonstrates how to compute persistent homology using R. Following this foundational work, we find a confidence set for the true persistence diagram of the underlying space using a sample diagram. Such sets aid with the interpretation of persistence diagrams by identifying points that are likely representative of true topological features, and those points that are noise due to sampling. We present two methods of constructing confidence sets. The first assumes that the support of the sampling density is not too 'spiky'. The second method uses a stronger assumption that the data are a realisation of a homogeneous Poisson process, which leads to a less conservative confidence set. In the middle section of this thesis, we investigate further sampling properties of persistence diagrams. Sampling on the circle leads us to propose a barcode test of sampling uniformity. We look at the diagrams of samples from the unit square, which is topologically simple, and propose these as a model for the noise in diagrams from other spaces. We propose density corrected persistent homology that makes sample diagrams less sensitive to the geometry of the underlying space and the sampling density. In the last section of this thesis, we demonstrate how persistent homology can be used to identify topological structure in correlation and partial correlation matrices. This relates to the problem of structure learning in graphical models.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available