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Title: Grid generation and CFD analysis of variable geometry screw machines
Author: Rane, Sham
ISNI:       0000 0004 5920 2563
Awarding Body: City University London
Current Institution: City, University of London
Date of Award: 2015
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This thesis describes the development of grid generation and numerical methods for predicting the flow in variable geometry, positive displacement screw machines. It has been shown, from a review of available literature, that the two main approaches available to generate deforming grids for the CFD analysis of 3D transient flow in screw machines are algebraic and differential. Grids that maintain the cell count and connectivity, during solution, provide the highest accuracy and customised grid generation tools have the capability to accommodate large mesh deformations. For the analysis of screw rotors with a variable lead or varying profile, these techniques are suitable but are required to be developed further with new procedures that can define the three dimensional variation of geometry of the rotors onto the computational grid. An algebraic grid generation method was used for deforming grid generation of variable lead and varying profile rotors. Functions were developed for correlating a specified lead variation along the rotor axis with the grid spacing. These can be used to build a continuously variable lead with linear, quadratic or higher order functions. For variable profile rotors, a novel approach has been developed for three dimensional grid structuring. This can be used to specify a continuously variable rotor profile, a variable lead, and both internal and external rotor engagement, thus making it possible to generate rotor domains with conical and variable lead geometries. New grid distribution techniques were developed to distribute boundary points on the rotors from the fixed points on the rack and the casing. These can refine the grid in the region of interlobe leakage gaps between the rotors, produce a one to one connected interface between them and improve the cell quality. Inflation layers were applied and tested for mesh refinement near the rotor boundaries. Case studies have been presented to validate the proposed grid generation techniques and the results have been compared with experimental data. Simulated results agreed well with measured data and highlighted the conditions where deviations are highest. Results with variable geometry rotors showed that they achieve steeper internal pressure rise and a larger discharge port area could be used. With variable lead rotors the volumetric efficiency could be improved by reducing the sealing line length in the high pressure zone. Calculations with inflation layers showed that local velocities were better predicted but there was no substantial influence on the integral performance parameters.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery