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Title: Exploring patient and health professional use, views and attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicines during pregnancy
Author: Abdul Rouf, P. V.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5918 0763
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2015
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The aim of this doctoral research was to explore CAM use in pregnancy from the perspectives of pregnant women and health professionals. The research was conducted in four phases: a systematic review of the published literature from 2008-2012; cross sectional surveys of two cohorts of women during the first and last trimester; and a cross sectional survey of health professionals (midwives, obstetricians, anaesthetists) at Aberdeen Maternity Hospital. The systematic review reported a significant proportion of women used CAM during pregnancy with prevalence rates ranging from 5.8% to 74.2%. The study of health professionals identified that more than 30% of respondents have prescribed, referred or advised the use of CAM to pregnant women. The main associated factor for CAM use was, 'personal use of CAM', with an odds ratio of 8.26 (95% CI 3.09–22.05; P < 0.001). Two thirds of women (63%) reported using CAM, excluding vitamins and minerals, during early pregnancy. The independent predictors of CAM use identified were: use by family and friends (OR 4.1, 95% CI 2.3–7.3, p < 0.001); ethnicity (non-white British) (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.8–6.8, p < 0.001); and use prior to pregnancy (OR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2–4.8, p = 0.014). Two thirds of women (61.4%) reported using CAM, excluding vitamins and minerals, during the third trimester. The independent associated factors for CAM medicine use identified were: CAM use before pregnancy (odds ratio [OR] 4.36, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.39–7.95, P<0.001); a university education (OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.46–4.0, P<0.001), and CAM use by family or friends (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.61–3.47,P<0.001). The lack of an evidence based approach together with the reliance on the advice of family and friends is of concern given the lack of robust data of efficacy and safety. To date, four peer reviewed papers from this doctoral research have been published.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Alternative medicine ; Pregnant women ; Medical personnel