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Title: Computational analysis of the flow field and noise radiation of a generic main landing gear configuration
Author: Van Mierlo, Koen
ISNI:       0000 0004 5916 5264
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2014
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This study investigates the flow field and acoustics of a generic four wheel main landing gear. The landing gear is an important airframe noise source during the approach phase. The characteristics of the flow field around the bogie area of the main landing gear are largely unknown. CFD simulations using the DES turbulence model have been used to calculate the unsteady flow field around a generic landing gear model. The surface pressure data has been sampled and used in a FW-H solver to determine far field noise levels. Two different landing gear models have been used, a simplified geometry and a more realistic complex geometry. Three different bogie angles have been simulated: horizontal bogie aligned with the flow, 10⁰ toe up and 10⁰ toe down. Strong streamwise vortices are generated at the front wheels of the landing gear. The trajectory of these vortices determines where the turbulent flow interacts with the downstream components. This interaction leads to surface pressure fluctuations which are a major noise source. The flow field of the simplified configurations shows a consistent trend of the trajectory of the streamwise vortices with respect to changes in bogie angle. The far field noise levels generated by the different components of the simplified configurations are related to the distance at which the streamwise vortices pass. The additional components of the complex landing gear geometry change the characteristics of the flow field. The strong streamwise vortices persist but they do not show the same trend as for the simplified configurations. The wake of the articulation link generates a turbulent in flow for the other components. The different characteristics of the flow field of the complex configurations lead to significant changes in the far field noise levels of the components compared to the simplified configurations.
Supervisor: Zhang, Xin Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available