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Title: Physical and computational applications of strongly-interacting dynamics beyond QCD
Author: Bennett, Edward
Awarding Body: Swansea University
Current Institution: Swansea University
Date of Award: 2013
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In this thesis we investigate numerically SU(2) theories with Dirac—or Majorana—fermions in the adjoint representation. Majorana fermions have historically proven difficult to treat numerically; here, a change of basis is introduced that allows two Majorana fermions to be expressed in terms of one Dirac fermion. This also provides greater insight into the analysis of the properties of theories with Dirac fermions. Attention is focused on the SU(2) theory with a single Dirac flavour (or equivalently two Majorana flavours). Its lattice phase diagram, spectrum, and the anomalous dimension of the chiral condensate are investigated. We observe a long region of constant mass ratios and an anomalous dimension 0.9 ≲ γ∗ ≲ 0.95. The behaviour of the pion mass and the presence of a light scalar in particular point to behaviour that is not traditionally confining; instead the theory appears to lie in or near the conformal window. The topological susceptibility and instanton size distribution are also investigated, for the one-Dirac-flavour theory and additionally the pure-gauge and two-Dirac-flavour (Minimal Walking Technicolor) theories. The properties are found to not depend on number of flavours, indicating a quenching of the fermions in the topology, also consistent with (near-)conformal behaviour (as has previously been reported in studies of other observables for Minimal Walking Technicolor). The code used is described, and a high-performance computing benchmark developed from it is detailed. While the benchmark was originally developed to investigate the performance of different supercomputer architectures for the class of problems we are interested in. Due to the nature of the code on which it is based, it has an unusual flexibility in the demands it may place on machine’s performance characteristics, which may allow it to be applicable to problems outside of lattice physics. The benchmark is used to characterise a number of machines’ relative performance.
Supervisor: Lucini, Biagio ; Armoni, Adi Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Quantum chromodynamics ; Strongly interacting particles ; Fermions ; Computational applications