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Title: Exact results in supersymmetric gauge theories
Author: Valatka, Saulius
ISNI:       0000 0004 5368 0695
Awarding Body: King's College London
Current Institution: King's College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2014
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In this thesis we discuss supersymmetric gauge theories, focusing on exact results achieved using methods of integrability. For the larger portion of the thesis we study the N = 4 super Yang-Mills theory in the planar limit, a recurring topic being the Konishi anomalous dimension, which is roughly the analogue for the mass of the proton in quantum chromodynamics. The N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory is known to be integrable in the planar limit, which opens up a wealth of techniques one can employ in order to nd results in this limit valid at any value of the coupling. We begin with perturbation theory where the integrability of the theory rst manifests itself. Here we showcase the rst exact result, the so-called slope function, which is the linear small spin expansion coecient of the generalized Konishi anomalous dimension. We then move on to exact results mainly achieved using the novel quantum spectral curve approach, the method allowing one to nd scaling dimensions of operators at arbitrary values of the coupling. As an example we nd the second coecient in the small spin expansion after the slope, which we call the curvature function. This allows us to extract non-trivial information about the Konishi operator. Methods of integrability are also applicable to other supersymmetric gauge theories such as ABJM, which in fact shares many similarities with N = 4 super Yang-Mills. We briefly review these parallel developments in the last chapter of the thesis.
Supervisor: Gromov, Nikolay ; Schafer-Nameki, Sakura Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available