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Title: Table recognition in mathematical documents
Author: Alkalai, Mohamed A.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5371 8462
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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While a number of techniques have been developed for table recognition in ordinary text documents, when dealing with tables in mathematical documents these techniques are often ineffective as tables containing mathematical structures can differ quite significantly from ordinary text tables. In fact, it is even difficult to clearly distinguish table recognition in mathematics from layout analysis of mathematical formulas. Again, it is not straight forward to adapt general layout analysis techniques for mathematical formulas. However, a reliable understanding of formula layout is often a necessary prerequisite to further semantic interpretation of the represented formulae. In this thesis, we present the necessary preprocessing steps towards a table recognition technique that specialises on tables in mathematical documents. It is based on our novel robust line recognition technique for mathematical expressions, which is fully independent of understanding the content or specialist fonts of expressions. We also present a graph representation for complex mathematical table structures. A set of rewriting rules applied to the graph allows for reliable re-composition of cells in order to identify several valid table interpretations. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our technique by applying them to a set of mathematical tables from standard text book that has been manually ground-truthed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QA Mathematics ; QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science