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Title: Developing benzothiazole functionalised ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes as tuneable DNA binders
Author: Willis, Kimberlee Susan
ISNI:       0000 0004 5371 2677
Awarding Body: Queen's University Belfast
Current Institution: Queen's University Belfast
Date of Award: 2014
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The aim of this research is to develop a range of new ruthenium(II) polypyridyl complexes to be analysed spectroscopically in the presence of calf thymus-DNA to determine their relative binding affinities to the polynucleotide, thus determining the best criteria for a detection tool for DNA. Reactions of selected functional groups on one ligand of ruthenium(II) precursor complexes lead to the synthesis of six benzothiazole containing complexes; [Ru(bpY)2(B16)]2+,, [Ru(bpy)2(P5)]2+, [Ru(phen)2(B16)]2+, [Ru (phenh(P5)]2+, [Ru(Me2bpY)2(B16)]2+ and [Ru(Me2bpy)2(P5)]2+ and four "control" complexes; [Ru (bpy)2(B2)]2+, [Ru(bpy)2(P2)] 2+, [Ru(phen)2(B2)]2+ and [Ru(phen)2(P2)]2+ bearing methyl groups. Investigation established a two-step interaction occurring between the complexes and polynucleotides, which have varying effects on the luminescence of the complexes, as a result samples were equilibrated for 24 hours before steady state measurements were recorded in the presence of DNA. Denaturation studies of DNA in the presence of each complex did not show a significant change in the melting temperature to free DNA. UV / Vis absorption spectrometry of the complexes showed variation in the absorption attributed to the benzothiazole functionalised ligand and each complex became more luminescent with increasing concentrations of DNA. The circular dichroism spectra of ct-DNA and increasing concentrations of each complex indicate that the double helical shape of the DNA is not affected as the complexes interact. From equilibrium dialysis studies with each complex it can be tentatively assigned that the ∆-enantiomer is associating most favourably with DNA. There are no significant alterations between the spectra of the methyl functionalised "control" complexes and those with increasing concentrations of DNA. Selecting the promising DNA detecting complex, [Ru(phen)2(B16)]2+ and repeating the spectroscopic studies with AT and GC rich oligos, showed the complex has a clear preference for AT rich DNA, highlighting that the preferred mode of binding at equilibrium is potentially within the minor groove of the DNA double helix.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available