Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Dispersion, assembly and electrochemistry of graphene at the liquid-liquid interface
Author: Rodgers, Andrew Norman John
ISNI:       0000 0004 5369 9193
Awarding Body: University of Manchester
Current Institution: University of Manchester
Date of Award: 2015
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
The dispersion of graphene in 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE), its subsequent attachment at the water-DCE interface and the reduction of oxygen at the water-DCE interface proceeding via interfacial graphene have been investigated. Using addition of an electrolyte which screens surface charge, it was found that electrostatic repulsions play a significant role in determining the kinetic stability of lyophobic non-aqueous graphene dispersions. The onset of aggregation was determined and it was found that dispersions prepared from higher-oxygen content graphite were more stable than those prepared from lower-oxygen content graphite, indicating that oxygen content is important in determining the surface charge on graphene in non-aqueous dispersion. The presence of organic electrolyte was also found to promote assembly of graphene into a coherent film at the liquid-liquid interface. Measurement of the liquid-liquid interfacial tension and three-phase contact angle revealed that the energetics of particle attachment did not change in the presence of organic electrolyte, thus indicating a mechanism of inter-particle electrostatic repulsion minimisation through surface charge screening. Interfacial graphene was found to display a catalytic effect toward the oxygen reduction reaction at the water-DCE interface. A bipolar cell was developed which showed that this reaction occurs heterogeneously, with graphene acting as a conduit for electrons across the water-DCE interface.
Supervisor: Dryfe, Robert Sponsor: Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Graphene ; Electrochemistry ; ITIES ; Colloids ; DLVO ; Liquid|Liquid ; Electrostatics