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Title: Substrate recognition by the proteasome
Author: Boehringer, Jonas
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2010
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The ubiquitin proteasome system targets proteins to the proteasome where they are degraded. Substrate recognition and processing prior to degradation take place at the 19S regulatory particle of the proteasome. A polyubiquitin chain, linked through isopeptide bonds formed between the C-terminal G76 and K48, is the signal responsible for delivery to the proteasome. Because chains linked via any of the seven lysine residues of ubiquitin exist in vivo and encode signals unrelated to protein degradation it is crucial for cells to avoid crosstalk between these different pathways. Several ubiquitin receptors related to proteasomal degradation have been identified but the selectivity between the different ubiquitin chains has not been assessed quantitatively while avoiding artefacts attributed to GST-dimerisation. By employing isothermal titration calorimetry, analytical ultracentrifugation and nuclear magnetic resonance, discrimination between K48- and K63-linked diubiquitin was established for the S. pombe proteasomal receptor Rpn10 and the shuttle protein Rhp23. The same methods allowed us to propose a discriminatory model for Rpn10. The crystal structures of the 19S regulatory particle subunits Rpn101-193 and Rpn121-224 have been determined and possible protein-protein interaction sites were identified by surface conservation and electrostatics analysis. Rpn12 surface residues were identified that had a negative effect on Rpn10-binding. This interaction was studied by surface plasmon resonance, fluorescence anisotropy and nuclear magnetic resonance. These experiments revealed a binding site on Rpn10 that is exclusively occupied by either ubiquitin or Rpn12 and for the first time demonstrated the interaction of a ubiquitin interacting motif with a protein other than ubiquitin.
Supervisor: Endicott, Jennifer Jane; Campbell, Iain D. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Proteolytic enzymes ; Ubiquitin ; Protease inhibitors