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Title: Background-free detection and mixed-species crystals in micro- and macroscopic ion-traps for scalable QIP
Author: Linke, Norbert Matthias
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Scalability and the implementation of fault tolerant quantum gates are the two main challenges which must be overcome in order to unlock the vast potential of quantum computing. This thesis describes work with calcium ions trapped in both microscopic and macroscopic linear Paul traps addressing both of these issues. We describe the assembly of a microstructured multi-zone ion trap which forms part of our group's contribution to the European "Microtrap" collaboration. We report the successful trapping of ions and characterization of the trap as well as a measurement of the heating rate. In miniaturized trap structures such as this one, background scattered light from the cooling beam causes difficulties. We introduce and demonstrate experimentally two techniques to overcome this problem. The first achieves background-free detection of ions using different repumping methods to enable the filtering out of the excitation wavelength. The second makes possible background-free readout of trapped ion qubits by separating in time the excitation and detection steps The second half of the thesis describes our experimental efforts towards implementing a two-qubit entangling gate with a mixed-species crystal. We describe the setup and characterization of a new macroscopic trap including the trapping and coherent manipulation of the internal states of both 40Ca+ and 43Ca+ ions. We accomplish the simultaneous independent readout of two qubits implemented in a 40Ca+ - 43Ca+ ion pair. We also present the setup and characterization of two injection-locked frequency-doubled Raman lasers and demonstrate coherent manipulation as well as a measurement of the off-resonant photon scattering error they introduce. Finally, we use them to achieve sideband cooling to the motional ground state of a mixed species ion crystal.
Supervisor: Lucas, David Miles Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Physics ; Atomic and laser physics