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Title: An investigation into the molecular mechanism of the fibrillin1-LTBP1 interaction
Author: Robertson, Ian Butler
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2012
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Many studies have demonstrated a connection between the fibrillin matrix and TGFβ signalling, but at present the mechanistic basis for this link is unclear. An interaction between the C-terminus of Latent TGFβ Binding Protein 1 (LTBP1) and the N-terminus of fibrillin1 has previously been identified, and may have the potential to directly link the fibrillin matrix to TGFβ signalling. To investigate the structural basis for this interaction, several multi-domain fragments of fibrillin1 and LTBP1 were expressed prokaryotically and refolded in vitro. After initial characterisation to confirm folding, the structure, dynamics, and interdomain interactions of these fragments were investigated in more detail using NMR techniques. Domains in both LTBP1 and fibrillin1 appear to demonstrate folds consistent with homologous structures, and while the LTBP1 C-terminal cbEGF14-TB3-EGF3-cbEGF15 region contains many flexible linkers and few interdomain interactions, the fibrillin1 EGF2-EGF3-hyb1-cbEGF1 region appears rigid, with interfaces forming between all domains present. SPR studies were used to demonstrate binding between distinct LTBP1 and fibrillin fragments, suggesting interactions between multiple domains are involved in the LTBP1-fibrillin1 interaction. The binding sites involved were then mapped to specific residues using HSQC titration studies, and structural models for the LTBP1-fibrillin1 interaction were generated based on these data. Predictions from these models were used to target residues for site-directed mutagenesis, based on their potential involvement in salt bridges, and when certain residues were replaced with those of opposite charge, reductions in binding could be seen in the SPR assay. These key residues were consistent with a particular model of the LTBP1-fibrillin1 interaction, as derived from the HSQC titration data. The conservation of potential binding site residues through deuterostome evolution also supports an important biological role for the LTBP-fibrillin interaction.
Supervisor: Handford, Penny A. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medical sciences ; Biology (medical sciences) ; Cardiovascular disease ; Physiology ; Extracellular matrix ; Biochemistry ; structural biology ; fibrillin ; Latent TGF beta binding protein ; marfan syndrome ; transforming growth factor beta ; TGFbeta ; TGFb ; nuclear magnetic resonance ; surface plasmon resonance ; microfibril ; fibrillin 1