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Title: Phosphoproteomic investigation of differential signalling downstream of class IA PI3K isoforms
Author: Walsh, Michael Hartley
ISNI:       0000 0004 5360 1184
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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The PI3K family is central to numerous cellular processes in both health and disease. The class IA isoforms of PI3K control such outputs as proliferation, metabolism and survival through their well-characterised function as lipid kinases, with their signalling thought to predominantly mediated by the Akt/PKB protein kinase. However there exist other signalling routes, including from the lipid kinase activity through other effectors, but also through a protein kinase function of the class IA isoforms themselves. Mass spectrometry is a powerful tool which has been central to the recent advances in phosphoproteomic techniques. It is now possible to use mass-spectrometry to probe the phosphoproteome of any number of systems in an unbiased and global manner. In this project, we aimed to advance our understanding of two aspects of class IA PI3K signalling which are relatively poorly understood. We used phosphoproteomic techniques which allowed us to provide answers to some old questions which have up to now proved elusive. First, we investigated the protein kinase activity of p110α. We used an in vitro protein kinase assay and coupled this to mass spectrometry techniques to identify direct substrates of p110α. We proposed two novel protein substrates and attempted to characterise them further, although we were hampered by lack of available biochemical tools. Second, we investigated the differential phosphoproteomes of the ubiquitously expressed class IA PI3K isoforms p110α and p110β in a panel of breast cancer cell lines. We used mass spectrometry-based phosphoproteomics and found significant differences in signalling between p110α and p110β in 4T1 cells, including differential regulation of previously described PI3K effectors, amongst them the Akt substrate PRAS40, and potential novel targets. Additionally, we found that some of these effects were conserved between cell lines.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council ; AstraZeneca
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medicine ; Cell signalling