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Title: Investigation of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing based Power Line Communication systems
Author: Hosseinpour, Ali
ISNI:       0000 0004 5352 6401
Awarding Body: University of East London
Current Institution: University of East London
Date of Award: 2015
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Power Line Communication (PLC) has the potential to become the preferred technique for providing broadband to homes and offices with the advantage of eliminating the need for new wiring infrastructure and reducing the cost. Power line grids, however, present a hostile channel for data communication, since the fundamental purpose of the power line channel was only the transmission of electric power at 50/60 Hz frequencies. The development of PLC systems for providing broadband applications requires an adequate knowledge of the power line channel characteristics. Various types of noise and multipath effects are some of the limitations for power line channels which need to be considered carefully in designing PLC systems. An effect of an impulsive noise characterized with short durations is identified as one of the major impairment in PLC system. Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) technique is one of the modulation approaches which has been regarded as the modulation technique for PLC systems by most researchers in the field and is used in this research study work. This is because it provides high robustness against impulsive noise and minimizes the effects of multipath. In case of impulsive noise affecting the OFDM system, this effect is spread over multiple subcarriers due to Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) at the receiver. Hence, each of the transmitted communication symbols is only affected by a fraction of the impulsive noise. In order to achieve reliable results for data transmission, a proper power line channel with various noise models must be used in the investigations. In this research study work, a multipath model which has been widely accepted by many researchers in the field and practically proven in the Tanzanian power line system is used as the model for the power line channel. The effects of different scenarios such as variations in direct path length, path number, branch length and load on the channel frequency response are investigated in this research work. Simulation results indicate the suitability of multi-carrier modulation technique such as an OFDM over the power line channels. To represent the actual noise scenario in the power line channel, an impulsive noise and background noise are classified as the two main noise sources. A Middleton class A noise is modelled as an impulsive noise, whereas the background noise is modelled as an Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN). The performance of PLC system based on OFDM is investigated under Middleton Class A and AWGN noise scenarios. It is observed that Bit Error Rate (BER) for the impulsive noise is higher than the background noise. Since channel coding can enhance the transmission in a communication system, Block code and convolutional codes have been studied in this research work. The hamming code chosen as a type of the block code, whereas the Trellis Coded Modulation (TCM) selected from the category of the convolutional channel codes and modelled in Matlab2013b. Although TCM code produces improvements in the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR), they do not perform well with Middleton class A noise. A rectangular 16-QAM TCM based on OFDM provides better BER rate compared to the general TCM.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral