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Title: Development of an immunocompetent model of oncolytic adenoviral gene therapy for ovarian cancer
Author: Young, Anna-Mary
Awarding Body: Queen Mary, University of London
Current Institution: Queen Mary, University of London
Date of Award: 2012
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Oncolytic adenoviral gene therapy has potential as a novel anti-cancer agent for ovarian cancer. Host immune responses are thought to contribute to its therapeutic effects. However further evaluation has been hampered by the lack of an immunocompetent animal model. This is predominantly because human adenovirus is highly species-specific and replicates poorly in murine cells. The second generation human adenovirus (hAd5) type 5 mutant dl922-947 contains a deletion in the E1A CR2 region which allows it to replicate selectively in cells with Rb pathway abnormalities, a finding observed in >90% of human cancers. Previous work has shown that dl922-947 has considerable activity in ovarian cancer and is more potent than E1A wild-type adenoviruses and the E1B-55K mutant dl1520 (Onyx-015, H101). Unfortunately, like its wild-type counterpart, dl922-947 replicates poorly in murine cells and infectious virion progeny are not generated. Mechanisms for the failure of infectious virion formation remain unclear and have been investigated as part of this project. I have found that murine malignant cells can be infected readily with hAd5 vectors. Both early and late viral genes are transcribed and there is evidence of viral genome replication. However, a profound failure of infective virion production is observed together with low levels of late viral protein expression. Ribosome fractionation assays show reduced viral mRNA loading in murine cells, resulting in failure of translation, especially of late transcripts. Aberrant function of the non-structural L4 protein 100K has been identified as a major hurdle to successful viral replication in murine cells. Ectopic expression of L4 100K promotes translation of viral late mRNA and increases expression of late viral proteins and virion production. However, these increases are only partial.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Medicine ; Oncology ; Ovarian cancer