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Title: Electricity trade in Central Europe
Author: Wito, Aleksander George
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
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This thesis examines the electricity supply and trading positions of the four Central European states; Poland, Hungary and the Czech and Slovak Republics. These states are situated at 'the cross-roads of Europe' and share a common history of centralised Socialist government. The unprecedented events of 1989 allowed them to contemplate a common goal of achieving membership of the wider European community and its institutions, following the example of their former ally, East Germany. This process of shaking off the legacy of the Communist past and looking towards the West extends to the field of connection of electricity supply networks. Throughout the history of electricity supply, the trend has been to connect regional supply networks together into larger national and international grids. This provides for many advantages in terms of reduced costs and increased security of supply, detailed in this thesis. Interconnection also requires significant investment, in both transmission equipment and grid control measures, and this investment must be recovered. Methods for recovering this investment and correctly allocating the costs and benefits of interconnection are detailed in this thesis. In Europe the process of grid connection has reached the present state of four international 'supergrids', each with different characteristics. The removal of the barrier of mutual suspicion between East and West has allowed consideration to be made of increasing the degree of connection between these networks and the volume of power traded across these connections. In order for this to take place a number of technical problems must be overcome and a clear economic case for the benefits must be made. To build such a case, a detailed examination is made of the energy supply position of each of the states, the structure and capacity of their electricity supply industries and the historic level of electricity traded between them. The Central European states common desire to join the European Union will have a significant impact on their electricity supply industries, particularly with regard to their environmental problems, but also provides access to sources of finance for investment in improving their systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available