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Title: The Gaullists and North Africa, 1951-1958
Author: Tyre, Stephen
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2002
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The aim of this thesis is to study the development of the Gaullist movement’s views on the situation in French North Africa - Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria - in the period between the elections of June 1951 and Charles de Gaulle’s return to power following the revolt of May 1958 in Algeria. It is based on Gaullist party archives, politicians’ private papers, and the extensive Gaullist press, as well as parliamentary papers and diplomatic documents. It seeks to establish the range of Gaullist views on the North African problems before their return to power, in the light of the fact that it was the crisis in North Africa that brought about the Gaullists’ return to government. In addition, the thesis demonstrates the extent of divisions among Gaullists during the Fourth Republic, providing a close analysis of Gaullist thought in this often-neglected period, with special reference to colonial and international questions. The first chapter, after providing an overview of the state of scholarship on Gaullism and decolonisation in French North Africa, attempts to define and clarify notions of Gaullism, and introduces the most important Gaullist figures whose views and behaviour will be examined in the rest of the thesis. The second chapter discusses themes associated with Gaullism in the early years of the Fourth Republic, demonstrating the origins of many of the ideas and principles that were to shape Gaullist thinking on North Africa in the period 1951-58. The third chapter deals with Gaullist responses to the unrest in Morocco and Tunisia in 1952-53, at a time when increasing nationalist activity forced the question of the Protectorates’ future onto the French political agenda. Chapters four and five set the issue in a wider context, concentrating on other developments that influenced the Gaullists’ opinions on North Africa.  The fourth chapter describes the Gaullists’ opposition to the European Defence Community plan in 1952-54, emphasising the role that prioritisation of North Africa played in their opposition to European integration. The fifth chapter describes Gaullists’ reactions to the French defeat on Indochina in 1954, in terms of its effect on their views of the importance of North Africa for France’s influence, prestige and security.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available