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Title: Diffusion and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging in human ischaemic stroke : analysis strategies and measurement issues in the assessment of lesion evolution
Author: Rivers, Carly Shaen
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2006
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The aim of this thesis is to explore the evolution and issues affecting the analysis of ischaemic lesions on diffusion – and perfusion-weighted MRI (DWI and PWI) from acute (< 24 h) to chronic times (3 mo) after stroke onset. This thesis includes a review of previous human studies of acute DWI and PWI appearance versus final outcome, a review of the ‘DWI/PWI mismatch’ model (thought to represent the ischaemic penumbra, or ‘tissue at risk’ of infarction), and a systematic review of previous animal studies of the pathophysiology associated with particular lesion. The methodological problems raised by these reviews are addressed in this thesis using a large cohort of stroke patients with serial DWI and PWI. The interrator variability of manual lesion measurements on acute DWI is investigated, and factors affecting this variability are discussed. The effect of lesion oedema (swelling) on measurements of ischaemic lesions on MRI is investigated. This thesis also investigates the tissue state underlying persistent hyperintensity on late DWI, and whether this is just T2 ‘shine through’, or indicates distinct features in the evolution of the lesion. A novel grid-based analysis method is developed and employed to track serial DWI and PWI changes more effectively, and the effect of observer variability on diffusion and perfusion parameters measured by this method is assessed. Lastly, this thesis discusses the concept of using ‘threshold’ values to predict tissue infarction or survival.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available