Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Characterization of the external envelope glycoprotein of Maedi-Visna virus, an ovine lentivirus
Author: Carter, Penelope Jane
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1996
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
The envelope glycoproteins of Maedi-Visna virus consist of a surface glycoprotein (gp135) which is responsible for the characteristic spikes on the surface of the virion, and a transmembrane protein (gp41) whose function includes linkage to the surface glycoprotein, anchoring it to the virion envelope. The external glycoprotein is required for attachment to the host cell via a receptor molecule present on the surface of the cell. Cells of the macrophage lineage are the main target cells in MVV infection in vivo. The host humoral response is targeted to the surface glycoprotein resulting in neutralizing antibody production. The relevance of these antibodies is not understood as virus infection persists despite this active immune response. The external glycoprotein has also been shown to be susceptible to antigenic variation. Expression of gp135 as three overlapping fragments in the bacterial pGEX system was undertaken with a view of using the recombinant protein as a source of immunogen to raise monoclonal antibodies. These and the three recombinant fragments could be used for epitope mapping. However, these fragments proved to be toxic to bacterial cells resulting in low yields and high levels of contamination. In depth studies were carried out to improve the yield and attempts were made to raise immune polyclonal sera. Characterization of these sera is described. Recombinant protein studies were extended to express gp135 in the baculovirus expression system. This resulted in a reliable source of recombinant protein that was devoid of contamination and was easily purified. This protein was glycosylated and was recognised by MVV-infected sheep sera. Preliminary studies were carried out to determine its interaction with sheep fibroblasts and hence its use to isolate the host cell receptor. Attempts were made to raise monoclonal antibodies against gp135 purified from virions by lectin affinity chromatography.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available