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Title: Investigation of the population structure of barley landraces (Hordeum vulgare L.) from different eco-geographical environments in Syria
Author: Parzies, Heiko Kurt
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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The purpose of the present study was to identify suitable genetic markers, to use these to characterise the population structure and diversity of barley landraces, and to investigate how population structure is influenced by environmental conditions. Results were compared with those achieved for accessions of wild barley and modern cultivars in order to investigate the influence of domestication and cultivation on mating system and population structure. Implications of the results for breeding strategies in low input agriculture and for conservation strategies were investigated. Two recent accessions of wild barley and 15 recent accessions of BLRs were available from Syria, where landraces are still under cultivation. Seven earlier accessions of the same landraces from Syria were available from gene banks. Modern cultivars and progeny of known pedigree were available from barley breeders. Genetic indices of accessions were analysed using three contrasting types of genetic markers, morphological , isoenzyme and molecular markers, respectively. Standard methods of population genetics were used to analyse the population structure of accessions. Environmental conditions of the sampling sites were analysed using the geographical information system ArcView. Results showed that BLRs are predominantly inbreeding populations with a low outcrossing rate of 1.7%. The same outcrossing rate has been reported for wild barley, so that it can be assumed that domestication has not influenced the outcrossing rate. Recently collected BLRs showed a high level of diversity and a regionally localised and geographically variable population structure. Harsh environmental conditions seem to increase diversity of BLRs. Genetic diversity may have been lose through the process of domestication. More diversity was found within populations of wild barley, while BLRs showed a higher proportion of diversity between accessions, for two of the three molecular markers used. Little diversity was found between modern cultivars, and no diversity within them. This may imply that modern breeding methods have led to a loss of diversity in the current gene pool.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available