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Title: Factors affecting labour force participation rates and hours of work in Greece : a cross-sectional analysis 1961, 1971
Author: Panourgias, Eustace A.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1979
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This thesis is the first empirical work ever undertaken concerning the investigation of the factors affecting the market labour supply in Greece. Two dimensions of the supply of labour were analysed, namely, "labour force participation rates" and "hours of work per week". The time span being considered is the period 1961-71. The model which has been adopted in this study is an application of the theory of consumer behaviour to the demand for leisure. The equations of the model were estimated using the technique of ordinary least squares. However, the logit technique, weighted least squares, and two stage least squares were also applied to cross-sectional data drawn from the population censuses of 1961 and 1971. The working-age population (10 years of age and over) was disaggregated into six population groups by sex, age, and marital status, and separate regressions were run for each group. According to the findings of this study the downward trend of the national activity rate observed during the decade under investigation could be attributed to the combined negative effect of the following factors: (i) Shrinkage of agricultural activities; (ii) Internal migration flow; (iii) Larger family incomes; (iv) Higher proportion of "school enrolment"; and (v) Higher proportion of "wage and salary earners". Over the same period some other factors, for instance the expansion of education, the expansion of day-care facilities, nursery schools, etc., accounted for an increase in the activity rate. However, the affect of these factors has been swamped by that of the five factors stated above, acting in the opposite direction. In general, the results of this study were found to be similar to those obtained in earlier studies in the United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. Finally, this study forecasts that the activity rates of the Greek population, compared with the corresponding rates of 1971, will be even lower by 1981.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available