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Title: Holistic processing of hierarchical structures in connectionist networks
Author: Neumann, Jane
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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In this thesis we investigate four mechanisms for encoding hierarchical structures in distributed representations that are suitable for processing in connectionist systems: Tensor Product Representation, Recursive Auto-Associative Memory (RAAM). Holographic Reduced Representation (HRR), and Binary Spatter Code (BSC). IN these four schemes representations of hierarchical structures are either learned in a connectionist network or constructed by means of various mathematical operations from binary or real-value vectors. It is argued that the resulting representations carry structural information without being themselves syntactically structured. The structural information about a represented object is encoded in the position of its representation in a high-dimensional representational space. We use Principal Component Analysis and constructivist networks to show that well-separated clusters consisting of representations for structurally hierarchical objects are formed in the representational spaces of RAAMs and HRRs. The spatial structure of HRRs and RAAM representations supports the holistic yet structure-sensitive processing them. Holistic operations on RAAM representations can be learned by back-propagation networks. However, holistic operators over HRRs, Tensor Products, and BSCs have to be constructed by hand, which is not a desirable situation. We propose two new algorithms for learning holistic transformations of HRRs from examples. These algorithms are able to generalise the acquired knowledge to hierarchical objects of higher complexity than the training examples. Such generalisations exhibit systematicity of a degree which, to our best knowledge, has not yet been achieved by any other comparable learning method.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available