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Title: Safe and scalable parallel programming with session types
Author: Ng, Chun Wang Nicholas
ISNI:       0000 0004 5361 3804
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2015
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Parallel programming is a technique that can coordinate and utilise multiple hardware resources simultaneously, to improve the overall computation performance. However, reasoning about the communication interactions between the resources is difficult. Moreover, scaling an application often leads to increased number and complexity of interactions, hence we need a systematic way to ensure the correctness of the communication aspects of parallel programs. In this thesis, we take an interaction-centric view of parallel programming, and investigate applying and adapting the theory of Session Types, a formal typing discipline for structured interaction-based communication, to guarantee the lack of communication mismatches and deadlocks in concurrent systems. We focus on scalable, distributed parallel systems that use message-passing for communication. We explore programming language primitives, tools and frameworks to simplify parallel programming. First, we present the design and implementation of Session C, a program ming toolchain for message-passing parallel programming. Session C can ensure deadlock freedom, communication safety and global progress through static type checking, and supports optimisations by refinements through session subtyping. Then we introduce Pabble, a protocol description language for designing parametric interaction protocols. The language can capture scalable interaction patterns found in parallel applications, and guarantees communication-safety and deadlock-freedom despite the undecidability of the underlying parameterised session type theory. Next, we demonstrate an application of Pabble in a workflow that combines Pabble protocols and computation kernel code describing the sequential computation behaviours, to generate a Message-Passing Interface (MPI) parallel application. The framework guarantees, by construction, that generated code are free from communication errors and deadlocks. Finally, we formalise an extension of binary session types and new language primitives for safe and efficient implementations of multiparty parallel applications in a binary server-client programming environment. Our exploration with session-based parallel programming shows that it is a feasible and practical approach to guaranteeing communication aspects of complex, interaction-based scalable parallel programming.
Supervisor: Yoshida, Nobuko Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral