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Title: Use of methods to investigate transport phenomena of multiphase turbulent flow
Author: Robinson, Andrew
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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The mixing of multiphase turbulent flow within a column is investigated using Positron-Emission Particle-Tracking (PEPT) to understand the controlling phenomena of convection of heat towards the inside surface of its wall in the measurement of the inside-wall heat transfer coefficient by inverse analysis. This is part of a design options study initiated by Rolls-Royce for a key process in the reclamation of uranium from uranium bearing materials. The column contains water and electrolyte and loose metallic swarf. Compressed air is distributed into the column from a perforated plate and hence the multiphase flow is gravity driven. A dynamic assessment of mixing is provided through the framework of the Reynolds-Avergaed Navier-Stokes (RANS) equation in the evaluation of stresses within the multiphase flow. Inverse analysis of heat conduction across the wall of the column provides measurement of the inside-wall heat transfer coefficient. The mixing of swarf coincides with the convergence of the stationary dynamics of the multiphase turbulent flow measured using PEPT. Tikhonov regularisation affords the resolution of the inside-wall heat transfer coefficient of the inverse analysis. A common global gas hold-up between different flows segregates the controlling phenomena of momentum transfer and convection of heat towards the inside surface of the column wall.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Rolls-Royce
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TP Chemical technology