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Title: Modelling of liquid breakup mechanisms in engineering systems
Author: Diemuodeke, Ogheneruona Endurance
ISNI:       0000 0004 5346 1599
Awarding Body: Cranfield University
Current Institution: Cranfield University
Date of Award: 2014
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Effective design of liquid fuel injection systems is a function of good understanding of liquid breakup mechanisms. A transient liquid breakup model is developed on the classical interfacial breakup theory by modifying the classical linear perturbation process to include time-dependent base and perturbed flow parameters. The non-isothermal condition on liquid jet instability and breakup is theoretically modelled; with the particular consideration of a spatially variation of surface tension along the liquid-gas interface. The model combines the classical interface hydrodynamic instability and breakup theory and heat-transfer through semi-infinite medium. Analytical liquid breakup model, which combines transient and non-isothermal effects on liquid jet breakup, is suggested. The suggested model could be simplified to the transient breakup model and the non-isothermal breakup model equivalents. A novel mechanistic model, which is based on a simple momentum balance between the injected jet and the aerodynamic drag force, is suggested for breakup length. A new model, which combines energy criterion and dual-timescale for turbulent shear in droplet dispersion, is suggested for droplet breakup criteria on the basis of critical Webber number. All developed models showed good predictions of available experimental data, and established empirical correlation, within the operational conditions of contemporary ICEs, specifically diesel engines. Continued research in these areas could benefit the development of the next generation of liquid fuel injectors and combustors – by accounting for transient effects and non-isothermal conditions in liquid jet breakup, and turbulent shear in droplet breakup.
Supervisor: Sher, I. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Analytical Modelling ; Droplet Breakup Criteria ; Instability Theory ; Linear Perturbation ; Non-Isothermal Effects ; Transient Effects ; Turbulent Shear