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Title: A study of some of the foundry processing factors influencing the quality of titanium alloy investment castings
Author: Khaled, Iman
ISNI:       0000 0004 5367 3073
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2015
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Titanium aluminide alloys are prone to extensive shrinkage porosity, particularly interdendritic layer porosity. This research aims to develop a better understanding of shrinkage porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb alloy and how to minimize it. Practical measurements in conjunction with computer simulations were carried out in order to study the effects of cooling rate and temperature gradient on shrinkage porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb investment castings, through investigating the influence of casting geometry, specifically mould taper on cylindrical bars, and preheating mould temperature on the macrostructure and the formation of shrinkage porosity. The interface heat-transfer coefficient of the ceramic shell/surroundings was determined using measured cooling curves obtained in 200 mbar of Argon and in vacuum. Furthermore, the alloy/mould interfacial heat transfer coefficient was estimated and was verified by comparing measured and predicted cooling curves of Ti-46Al-8Nb. The Niyama criterion function was validated to predict shrinkage-related porosity in Ti-46Al-8Nb castings, through either thermal or tilt-filling ProCastTM simulation models. Positions in a casting with Niyama values above 4 (°C. min)0.5cm-1; (3 (K. s)0.5mm-1); could be considered completely sound. The critical value of the Niyama function was 2 (°C. min)0.5cm-1; (1.5 (K. s)0.5mm-1); below which the position tested was susceptible to macroshrinkage porosity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy ; TS Manufactures