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Title: Identification and characterisation of toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the TLR accessory molecule UNC93B1 in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)
Author: Lee, Po-Tsang
ISNI:       0000 0004 5366 736X
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 2015
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Aquaculture is known as a major food-producing industry and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) are the major cultured species in Scotland. However, disease outbreaks in aquaculture have been reported and are commonly associated with intensive fish farming, which results in a tremendous cost in the industry. Hence, understanding what immune-related genes and cells are present, their responses, mechanisms and functions in these farmed animals is a first requirement for potent vaccine design, selection of disease-resistant breeds and disease outbreak prevention. The innate immune system is the first line of defence against microbes which use germline-encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to recognise specific, conserved and constitutive products of invading pathogens, called pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that are important for survival of the microorganism and are thus hard for the microorganism to change. This thesis focuses on the identification and characterisation of a family of PRR called toll-like receptors (TLRs) and a TLR accessory protein UNC93B1 using different approaches. In Chapters 2, 3 and 5, eleven TLR genes and UNC93B1 were identified from Atlantic salmon whole-genome shotgun (WGS) contigs. These genes were cloned and sequenced and their putative domain structure, gene synteny and homology to other genes were determined by bioinformatics analysis. In addition, the constitutive expression profile of these genes was examined in different tissues from healthy salmon using real-time PCR. The potential modulation of these genes was examined in different in vitro and in vivo models which provide information to help understand the role(s) of these genes during inflammation or in the immune responses against pathogens. Several of these TLRs are so-called non-mammalian TLRs (TLR19, TLR20a and TLR20d) and are therefore particularly interesting to study. The sub-cellular localization was also investigated in TLR-GFP expression plasmid transfected Salmon Head Kidney-1 (SHK-1) cells. Lastly, attempts were made to develop a Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) 293T cell line based platform to study TLR signalling and ligand specificity (Chapter 4).
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Ministry of Education ; Taiwan
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Atlantic salmon ; Cell receptors ; Immune response