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Title: The goddess Anat : an examination of the textual and iconographic evidence from the second millennium B.C.
Author: Lloyd, Jeffery B.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1994
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This dissertation begins with an examination of texts from Mari dating to the early second millennium B.C., mainly in the form of cultic lists, which provide us with the earliest evidence for a cult of Anat. Since much of the evidence comes to us in the form of her divine name used as part of theophoric personal names, a comparison is made between Mari personal names and those from Ugarit which include the divine element 'Anat'. An investigation is also made into the various etymologies proposed for the divine name in an attempt to ascertain information on her earliest nature. Attention is then focused on the character of Anat from New Kingdom Egypt where we find she had a close relationship with the kings of the nineteenth dynasty, and Rameses II in particular. From the inscriptional, iconographic and literary evidence we are able to obtain a far more detailed picture of her character in Egyptian theology than from Mari, and a comparison is made between this Egyptian Anat and what we know of her character from Ugarit. Thanks to the iconographic evidence from Egypt which often provides the names of the deities it portrays, the opportunity is taken to examine all the major 'anonymous' pieces which have been claimed to represent Anat, mostly from Syria-Palestine, and to compare them with the Egyptian portrayals. An attempt is made to evaluate the claims for such identification, and the tenuous nature of making such claims is discussed. Finally, the investigation turns to the greatest body of evidence which can be brought to bear on the character of Anat - the texts from Ugarit.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available