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Title: Chinese fiction abroad : the exilic nature of works by Chinese writers living abroad after the Tiananmen Massacre
Author: Kramer, Heinz Oliver
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2002
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On June 4th 1989, the People’s Liberation Army used tanks to crush the anti-government demonstrations which had been taking place most notably on Tiananmen Square in Beijing. Following the massacre, what initially seemed to be a watershed in post-Mao Chinese society, proved, at least on the economical side, only a short-lived return to Communist orthodoxy, before Deng Xiaoping re-launched economic liberalisation in 1992. The arts, too, were initially afflicted, with a return to tighter censorship and an uneasy political climate. Some writers, well known during the late 1970s and 1980s, had been outspoken in their support for the demonstrations of 1989. Some of them had already moved abroad, some still lived in China but felt for their own safety’s sake that they should leave China, too. In late 1989 then, with a new cycle of political repression looming, an immediate return to their homeland seemed unlikely for many writers. Writers went to a number of different countries in different continents, but a large group came together in Europe, meeting in Scandinavia firstly, where one of the first and the only continuous exile magazine, Today, named after an earlier venture in China, was revived. Most of the contributors to this magazine knew each other pre-exile through their works or socially. Many continued to write for this magazine in the following years. This thesis asks to what extent this literature, written by contributors to Today forms an emerging exile literature and how this literature can be characterised. Two limitations are introduced: the thesis looks at only four key writers and at their fictional works only. These four writers are Duoduo, Yo Yo, Xu Xing and Liu Sola. The thesis firstly discusses exile and exile literature in general and then delivers an account of the four key writers’ exile experience. The main body of the thesis is devoted to a literary analysis of the key writers’ fiction. The findings are contextualised with the writers’ experiences and their role in contributing to an exile literature examined.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available