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Title: Building a Scottish Canada? : five architects in Montreal, 1883-1914
Author: Kinnear, Holly E. B.
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2007
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The legacy of Scots in Canada is well documented, but there has never been a study of Scottish architects in Canada. This thesis examines the careers of five architects from Scotland, assessing their contribution to the development of Canadian architecture at the dawn of the twentieth century. The links that were consequently created between Scottish and Canadian architecture are also analysed. The main focus of the thesis falls on five architects: Andrew Thomas Taylor, Robert Findlay, James Robert Rhind, John Smith Archibald and Stewart Henbest Capper. The architects varied in age, background, and training and their work also differed considerably. In spite of this diversity, however, their careers are linked by common threads that can be traced back to their Scottish training. All five were very progressive architects who made significant contributions to Canadian architecture and helped to shape the development of the architectural profession in Canada. Four of them were acquainted prior to their arrival in Canada, either through friendship, family or professional contacts, which may explain why some of them chose to move to Montreal. The bonds between the architects and friends and colleagues still in Scotland were equally important. From 1900 an increasing number of architects emigrated to Montreal from Scotland, and specifically From Glasgow. This flow from Glasgow to Montreal seems to be connected with the five architects named above. The transfer was not only in one direction, however, as some Scots returned to Glasgow from Montreal, opening a new chapter in the history of both Scottish and Canadian architecture.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available