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Title: The investigation of underwater acoustic signals using Laser Doppler Anemometry
Author: Jack, Susan Heather
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2000
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Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) has been used to study underwater acoustic signals both from emitting hydrophones and underwater explosions. A dual-beam LDA arrangement was used to capture Doppler signals arising from light scattered from particles suspended at the point of interest in the flow. These Doppler signals are analysed using either Hilbert transforms or wavelets, both of which allow instantaneous frequency information to be obtained. When an acoustic signal propagates through a medium it creates refractive index variations within the medium. The apparent motion of the scattering particles, as observed by the detector, which give rise to the Doppler signal, is therefore made up of two components. Firstly, the particles oscillate due to the sound field and secondly, the interference fringes oscillate due to the refractive index variations. This is termed the acousto-optic effect. A theory has been developed to investigate the effect of these refractive index variations on the analysed Doppler signals of an LDA system. Analysis of experimental Doppler signals using the Hilbert transform technique shows close agreement with the theoretical predictions. LDA has also been used to investigate the acoustic signal emitted by an oscillating explosion bubble. This is generated by an underwater spark which creates a similar situation to an underwater explosion in which a shock wave and an oscillating bubble are produced. Analysis of the Doppler signal using wavelets provides information on the bubble period, radius, energy and particle velocity. Explosive materials have traditionally been used for investigation of underwater explosions but they have the disadvantage of obscuring the area with explosion debris thus making optical investigation difficult. It is shown in this work that the use of LDA and analysis of Doppler signals using wavelets is an accurate technique for the investigation of acoustic signals from underwater explosions. This allows investigation of the area close to the explosion centre where measurements have been difficult to achieve with traditional techniques.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available