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Title: Growing up with alcohol : a developmental study of the perceptions of young children
Author: Fossey, Emma
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 1995
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There is some evidence to suggest that socialisation to alcohol develops from an early age. However, in contrast to the considerable literature pertaining to adolescent alcohol-related beliefs and behaviours, little is known about the early development of knowledge in relation to young children. This research therefore set out to trace the early development of alcohol cognitions in children aged 5 ½-6 ½, 7 ½ - 8 ½ and 9 ½-10 ½ years. This exercise took as its methodological basis, the classic investigation by Jahoda and Cramond (1972), consisting of a series of game-like activities designed to elicit the knowledge, attitudes and the behaviour of young children with regard to alcohol. These activities were adapted and updated. In addition, children were tested with vignettes. These were designed to investigate their understanding of adult motives for drinking. Children's knowledge of and attitudes towards tobacco smoking were also examined. Eight participating schools were selected from two regions of Britain - Edinburgh in Scotland and Birmingham in England. Within each area, these schools were selected according to their religious affiliation - Roman Catholic or non-Denominational - and then within these two categories they were further differentiated according to the socio-economic status of their catchment area - middle class or working class. A total of 238 children were tested. It can be concluded that children develop an awareness of alcohol from an early age, and that this awareness commonly consists of rather simplistic and negative stereotypical ideas about alcohol. The implications of these findings for future initiatives are discussed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available