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Title: Intrusive memories and trauma-related symptoms in individuals presenting with dental anxiety
Author: Forbes, Amanda Jacqueline
Awarding Body: University of Edinburgh
Current Institution: University of Edinburgh
Date of Award: 2001
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Research indicates that between 36-40% of people are afraid to visit the dentist, 20% are highly anxious and 5% avoid dental treatments due to severe anxiety (Lindsay & Jackson, 1993). Dental anxiety is known to be a major barrier to optimal health care with individuals fearful of impending invasive procedures often presenting only when in severe pain. Dental anxiety has been found to be based on past memories of experiences of pain and loss of control in the dental setting. Evidence from the literature suggests that some individuals with dental anxiety also present with additional psychological problems, such as panic disorder. De Jongh, Muris, ter Horst and Duyx (1995) also reported that individuals with dental anxiety also exhibited more catastrophizing thoughts related to dental treatment. A recent study by De Jongh, Aartman & Brand (submitted for publication) reported that intrusive memories of past distressing dental experiences were associated with dental anxiety. However no structured assessment for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was carried out. This study aimed to identify the association between intrusive memories related to dental experiences and trauma-related symptomatology and to investigate differences in pyschopathology and thought content in individuals with a dental anxiety presenting with and without intrusive memories. The proportion of individuals with intrusive memories who would meet criteria for PTSD was also investigated. Results will be given and conclusions reached.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (D.Clin.Psy.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available