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Title: A study of bisimulation theory for session types
Author: Kouzapas, Dimitrios
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2013
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Bisimulation theory is a co-inductive tool used as a tractable method for studying equivalence relations in process calculi. This dissertation studies bisimulation theory for session types. We define the Asynchronous Session π-calculus (ASP for short), which is a session type calculus with queue configurations acting as a communication medium at each session endpoint The semantics for ASP offer fine-grained communication that enjoys the non-blocking property of asynchrony and the order-preserving property of session types. The ASP typing system is shown to be sound to guarantee type safety in the presence of subtyping. A typed labelled transition system gives rise to a bisimilarity which is sound and complete with respect to typed reduction-closed congruence. The bisimilarity theory of ASP highlights the determinacy and confluence properties of session types. Event-driven programming is one of the major paradigms that utilise the asynchronous nature of distributed systems, where events are recognised as the presence of messages and their typed information in the communication medium. To justify the design choices made, we develop a superset of ASP, called the Eventful Session π-calculus (ESP for short), equipped with the minimal session primitives for an expressive event-driven computational model. The eventful session type system introduces the session set type, which is a collection of session types used to type a set of possible events. The ESP typing system maintains its consistency with respect to the ASP session typing system up-to a subtyping relation for session set types. The straightforward extension from ASP to ESP offers behavioural transparency, making the bisimilarity theory for the ASP a special case for the ESP theory - the bisimilarity relation coincides with typed reduction-closed congruence and determinacy and confluence properties are shown to hold for session transitions. Many studies regarding event-driven computation have identified the selector or its equivalent, the polling operator, as the key construct for describing an event-driven framework. The selector is defined as a higher level construct in ESP and it is used to implement the core event handling routine called the event loop. Following the empirical study by Lauer and Needham, we define a session-based transformation from a multi-threaded server to an event loop server. Confluence theory proves that the transformation is type- and semantics-preserving. In the last part of the dissertation we extend the behavioural theory to multiparty session types, both in the synchronous and the asynchronous cases. For each case, we examine two different typed labelled transition systems. In the first case we examine a standard labelled transition system with respect to the local session typing of processes. In the second case a choreography specification governs the behaviour of a multiparty session process and its observer. Each labelled transition system defines a bisimilarity relation, which coincides with the corresponding reduction-closed congruence.
Supervisor: Yoshida, Nobuko Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral