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Title: Modelling, optimisation and explicit model predictive control of anaesthesia drug delivery systems
Author: Krieger, Alexandra
Awarding Body: Imperial College London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2013
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The contributions of this thesis are organised in two parts. Part I presents a mathematical model for drug distribution and drug effect of volatile anaesthesia. Part II presents model predictive control strategies for depth of anaesthesia control based on the derived model. Closed-loop model predictive control strategies for anaesthesia are aiming to improve patient's safety and to fine-tune drug delivery, routinely performed by the anaesthetist. The framework presented in this thesis highlights the advantages of extensive modelling and model analysis, which are contributing to a detailed understanding of the system, when aiming for the optimal control of such system. As part of the presented framework, the model uncertainty originated from patient-variability is analysed and the designed control strategy is tested against the identified uncertainty. An individualised physiologically based model of drug distribution and uptake, pharmacokinetics, and drug effect, pharmacodynamics, of volatile anaesthesia is presented, where the pharmacokinetic model is adjusted to the weight, height, gender and age of the patient. The pharmacodynamic model links the hypnotic depth measured by the Bispectral index (BIS), to the arterial concentration by an artificial effect site compartment and the Hill equation. The individualised pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic variables and parameters are analysed with respect to their influence on the measurable outputs, the end-tidal concentration and the BIS. The validation of the model, performed with clinical data for isoflurane and desflurane based anaesthesia, shows a good prediction of the drug uptake, while the pharmacodynamic parameters are individually estimated for each patient. The derived control design consists of a linear multi-parametric model predictive controller and a state estimator. The non-measurable tissue and blood concentrations are estimated based on the end-tidal concentration of the volatile anaesthetic. The designed controller adapts to the individual patient's dynamics based on measured data. In an alternative approach, the individual patient's sensitivity is estimated on-line by solving a least squares parameter estimation problem.
Supervisor: Pistikopoulos, Stratos Sponsor: European Research Council
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available