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Title: The delivery of small regulatory RNAs by gold nanoparticles
Author: McCully, Mark Alan
ISNI:       0000 0004 5356 7385
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 2015
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The traditional paradigm relying on drug discovery to treat and heal the body is changing. Medicine for the 21st century is moving towards using the body’s internal language of DNA and RNA to cure disease and repair injuries to the body. We now appreciate the complexity of signalling through the genome and its transcribed RNA. The role of micro RNAs and short interfering RNAs are gaining much interest as potential therapeutics. This interest has been sparked by the discovery that the dysregulation of micro RNAs is the origin for a spectrum of diseases from cancer through to osteoporosis. Small regulatory RNAs have been shown to influence stem cell maintenance, proliferation and differentiation, offering the potential to produce new tissue by manipulating RNA levels. However delivery of these molecules is fraught with difficulties. Without protection these molecules are quickly degraded in vivo and in vitro before reaching their intended target. With this in mind, this thesis aims to investigate the potential role for gold nanoparticles to deliver small regulatory RNAs and in turn produce a non-toxic and physiologically significant effect upon the cells. Initial investigations revealed the importance of PEG density and AuNP concentration; with lower PEG densities, allowing attached therapeutic siRNA against C-Myc to reduce C-Myc protein levels and cell proliferation. Subsequently we determined that modulating the expression of osteo-suppressive miRNA, with a nucleic antagonist sequence was able to influence osteogenesis in two cell models (MG63s and hMSCs). This thesis has shown that AuNPs can be used to effectively deliver therapeutically active small molecules to cells in vitro.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH301 Biology ; QH426 Genetics ; RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology