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Title: Influence of attachment line flow on form drag
Author: Gowree, Erwin R.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5356 2816
Awarding Body: City University London
Current Institution: City, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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Numerical analysis conducted using Callisto, which is Airbus’s three-dimensional momentum integral boundary layer code coupled with Green’s lag-entrainment method has shown that there might be a small but worthwhile form drag reduction through attachment line control, up to about 0:4-0.6 counts for an aircraft. However, in order to overcome numerical issues in the modelling a few approximations have been made in the method while calculating the flow very near the leading ledge. The detail of the leading edge flow needs to be verified if the drag results are to be trusted. Therefore, an experiment carried out, aiming to capture the velocity profiles starting from the attachment line and up to about 3% chord downstream. In order to design the experimental model, a systematic approach was used based on previous semi-empirical work on the attachment line flow. The model was designed so that the attachment line boundary layer is turbulent due to contamination from the turbulent boundary layer from the wall (floor) of the wind tunnel and thick enough to give a sensible experimental domain size including sufficient chord wise extent for hot-wire measurement. The velocity profiles were captured by means of hot wire anemometry using a micro displacement traverse designed and manufactured in-house.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)