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Title: Shame and the rejected self
Author: Mapp, Gillian C. T.
ISNI:       0000 0004 5356 2787
Awarding Body: City University London
Current Institution: City, University of London
Date of Award: 2014
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The research adopted a qualitative, idiographic design to explore the lived experiences of eight individuals who had persistent enuresis (they were bedwetting until at least 15/16 years old). The current literature base on enuresis has predominately been conducted on children and there is a scarcity of research conducted into persistent enuresis. Research has been conducted into the impact of enuresis, which has predominately relied on quantitative methods and has often relied on parental reports. This research aimed to deepen the understanding of persistent enuresis and explore the experience. Data was collected via semi-structured interviews, which were transcribed and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). There was an over-arching theme that appeared to run throughout all of the participants' experiences, which was the fear of rejection. This fear appeared to significantly impact on how the participants related to other people. Three superordinate themes were identified. The first superordinate theme titled 'Self-Evaluations' describes the psychological experience of bedwetting. It describes the emotional and cognitive experience of bedwetting. The second superordinate theme, titled 'The Relational Experience' describes the experience of bedwetting on a number of different significant relationships. The last superordinate theme, titled 'The Concealment' describes the actions the participants adopted in order to prevent detection. Each of these superordinate themes was further divided into sub-themes and was illustrated by verbatim accounts from the participants. The fundamental findings and theoretical insights are discussed which appeared to revolve around balancing acceptance and rejection in relation to the self and other people. Persistent enuresis can have profound psychosocial implications. The clinical implications of these findings are discussed along with recommendations for future work.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available